chispa1707 (chispa1707) wrote,
chispa1707
chispa1707

Отмена крепостного права в Исландии

В первый раз в Исландии отменили крепостное право в 1117 году,
на 744 года раньше лапотной России...

а второй раз - в 1894-м.

чота ржу )))

Вляпаю-ка я сюда перечень текстов, на основе которых создан раздел.
Статьи из Сети пропадают, увы.

References


  • Austin Alchon, Suzanne (2003). A pest in the land: new world epidemics in a global perspective. University of New Mexico Press. p. 21. ISBN 0-8263-2871-7.

  • Serf. A Dictionary of World History

  • Lee, James; Campbell, Cameron (1998). "Headship succession and household division in three Chinese banner serf populations, 1789–1909". Continuity and Change. 13 (1): 117–141. doi:10.1017/s0268416098003063.

  • Goldstein, Melvyn C. (1986). "Re-examining Choice, Dependancy and Command in the Tibetan Social System-'Tax Appendages' and Other Landless Serfs". Tibet Journal. 11 (4): 79–112.

  • Goldstein, Melvyn C. (1988). "On the Nature of Tibetan Peasantry". Tibet Journal. 13 (1): 61–65.

  • Barnett, Robert (2008) What were the conditions regarding human rights in Tibet before democratic reform? in: Authenticating Tibet: Answers to China’s 100 Questions, pp. 81–83. Eds. Anne-Marie Blondeau and Katia Buffetrille. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-24464-1 (cloth); ISBN 978-0-520-24928-8 (paper)

  • Samuel, Geoffrey (1982). "Tibet as a Stateless Society and Some Islamic Parallels". Journal of Asian Studies. 41 (2): 215–229. doi:10.2307/2054940.

  • BhutanStudies.org.bt, T Wangchuk Change in the land use system in Bhutan: Ecology, History, Culture, and Power Nature Conservation Section. DoF, MoA

  • Marc Bloch "Feudal Society: the growth of the ties of dependence".

  • Studies of field systems in the British Isles By Alan R. H. Baker, Robin Alan Butlin

  • An Economic History of the British Isles By Arthur Birnie. P. 218

  • Hallam, H.E.; Finberg; Thirsk, Joan, eds. (1988). The Agrarian History of England and Wales: 1042–1350. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. p. 58. ISBN 0-521-20073-3.

  • Daniel D. McGarry, Medieval history and civilization (1976) p 242

  • Elmes, James (1827). On Architectural Jurisprudence; in which the Constitutions, Canons, Laws and Customs etc. London: W.Benning. pp. 178–179.

  • Hammond, J L; Barbara Hammond (1912). The Village Labourer 1760–1832. London: Longman Green & Co. p. 100.

  • Chapman, Tim (2001). Imperial Russia, 1801–1905. Routledge. p.83. ISBN 0-415-23110-8

  • Maria Bogucka, Białogłowa w dawnej Polsce, Warsaw, 1998, ISBN 83-85660-78-X, p. 72

  • Mackay, Christopher (2004). Ancient Rome: A Military and Political History. New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 298. ISBN 0521809185.

  • Ways of ending slavery

  • David P. Forsythe, ed. (2009). Encyclopedia of Human Rights: Vol. 1. Oxford University Press. p. 3.

  • David Moon, Abolition of Serfdom in Russia: 1762–1907 (2002)

  • Richard Oram, 'Rural society: 1. medieval', in Michael Lynch (ed.), The Oxford Companion to Scottish History (Oxford: University Press, 2005), p. 549.

  • J. A. Cannon, 'Serfdom', in John Cannon (ed.), The Oxford Companion to British History (Oxford: University Press, 2002), p. 852.

  • Cannon, 'Serfdom', p. 852.

  • Djuvara, Neagu (2009). Între Orient și Occident. Țările române la începutul epocii moderne. Humanitas publishing house. p. 276. ISBN 978-973-50-2490-1.

  • [1] Croatian encyclopedia, 1780 queen Maria Theresa introduced the regulations in Royal Croatia. 1785. king Joseph II introduced the Patent of freedom of movement of Serfs which gave them the right of movement, education and property, also ended their dependence to feudal lords.

  • Kfunigraz.ac.at

Further reading


  • Backman, Clifford R. The Worlds of Medieval Europe Oxford University Press, 2003.

  • Blum, Jerome. The End of the Old Order in Rural Europe (Princeton UP, 1978)

  • Coulborn, Rushton, ed. Feudalism in History. Princeton University Press, 1956.

  • Bonnassie, Pierre. From Slavery to Feudalism in South-Western Europe Cambridge University Press, 1991 excerpt and text search

  • Freedman, Paul, and Monique Bourin, eds. Forms of Servitude in Northern and Central Europe. Decline, Resistance and Expansion Brepols, 2005.

  • Frantzen, Allen J., and Douglas Moffat, eds. The World of Work: Servitude, Slavery and Labor in Medieval England. Glasgow: Cruithne P, 1994.

  • Gorshkov, Boris B. "Serfdom: Eastern Europe" in Peter N. Stearns, ed, Encyclopedia of European Social History: from 1352–2000 (2001) volume 2 pp 379–88

  • Hoch, Steven L. Serfdom and social control in Russia: Petrovskoe, a village in Tambov (1989)

  • Kahan, Arcadius. "Notes on Serfdom in Western and Eastern Europe," Journal of Economic History March 1973 33:86–99 in JSTOR

  • Kolchin, Peter. Unfree labor: American slavery and Russian serfdom (2009)

  • Moon, David. The abolition of serfdom in Russia 1762–1907 (Longman, 2001)

  • Scott, Tom, ed. The Peasantries of Europe (1998)

  • Vadey, Liana. "Serfdom: Western Europe" in Peter N. Stearns, ed, Encyclopedia of European Social History: from 1352–2000 (2001) volume 2 pp 369–78

  • White, Stephen D. Re-Thinking Kinship and Feudalism in Early Medieval Europe (2nd ed. Ashgate Variorum, 2000)

  • Wirtschafter, Elise Kimerling. Russia's age of serfdom 1649–1861 (2008)

  • Wright, William E. Serf, Seigneur, and Sovereign: Agrarian Reform in Eighteenth-century Bohemia (U of Minnesota Press, 1966).

  • Wunder, Heide. "Serfdom in later medieval and early modern Germany" in T. H. Aston et al., Social Relations and Ideas: Essays in Honour of R. H. Hilton (Cambridge UP, 1983), 249–72

External links

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